As with the hammered coinage section I have tried to include as many different variations of inscriptions as possible and also attempted to match up the obverse and reverse legends as they would appear.In some cases V and U seem to be used interchangeably on the obverse legend when giving the King or Queen's name which can make things a little confusing or seem as though there are repeats with in the listings.What I have done is to classify inscriptions by reign and tried to add as many different versions of the same inscription as I can together with a translation for each one. LEGEND = This is the name given to the coin inscription.
So how do you read them and how can you tell where and by who a particular coin was minted?
Some examples follow (these are ordinal numbers): L, ETOVC, or ΕΤΟΥΣ = of the year∆ΕΥΤΕΡΟΥ = 2ndΤΡΙΤΟΥ = 3rdΤΕΤΑΡΤΟΥ = 4thΠΕΜΠΤΟΥ = 5thΕΚΤΟΥ = 6thΕΒ∆ΟΜΟΥ = 7thΟΓ∆ΟΟΥ = 8thΕΝΑΤΟΥ, ΕΤ ΕΝΑΤ, ΕΝΑ, ΕΝ, ΕΤ Θ = 9th∆ΕΚΑΤΟΥ, ∆Ε ∆ΕΚΑΤ, ∆ΕΚΑ = 10thΕΝ∆ΕΚΑΤΟΥ = 11th∆Ω∆ΕΚΑΤΟΥ, ∆Ω∆ΕΚΑΤ, ∆Ω∆ΕΚ = 12thΤΡΙCΚΑΙ∆ΕΚΑ, ΤΡΙCΚΑΙ = 13thΕΝΝΕΑΚ∆ = 19th The dates above may not be "proper" Greek. THE ACTIAN ERA dates from the victory of Caesar over Antony at Actium in B. If the result is less than zero, determine the date before the common era (BC or BCE) by subtracting the date on the coin from the era start year and then adding one.
They are dates as actually written on Roman provincial coins minted in Alexandria and other cities. The city of Antioch, however, reckoned the commencement of the era from the autumn of the preceding year, B. If the era started in the common era (AD or CE), add the start year to the date and then subtract one to determine the common era date.
For example, AIP = year 111, CMH = year 248, and MH or HM = year 48. For alphabetic dates used at Sidon: A = 1, B = 2, = year in Greek), frequently written or abbreviated ETOYC, ET, or E.
On the Egyptian coinage, both under the Ptolemies and under Rome, the character L, a symbol for "year," almost always precedes the date.