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Past research finds one's own body type influences the body types desired in potential dates (Cachelin et al. Daters could indicate their own body type as being one of the following: Slim, Slender, Average, Fit, Thick, A few extra, Large, Curvy or Voluptuous.We collapsed these into four broad categories: Small (Slim or Slender), Average (Average), Athletic (Fit or Athletic) and Large (Thick, A few extra, Large, Curvy or Voluptuous).We focus our review of the literature exclusively on those studies that address the United States, unless otherwise noted, since that is the location of our sample of daters.To begin, we are interested in whether men or women are more likely to state specific body type preferences for a date.Most importantly, they do not test racial–ethnic and gender body type preferences of daters in an actual setting.
We expand on the work of several scholars who address the body as a site of inequality (e.g.
We also control for dater selectivity by measuring the number of specific preferences a dater makes.
It is important to control for general selectivity because body type preference could be indicative of a picky personality rather than a strong preference or concern specifically for potential dates’ body types.
Analyses of magazine covers show 78% of popular women’s magazine covers contain a message regarding a woman’s appearance while no popular men’s magazine covers contain a message regarding bodily appearance (Malkin, Wornian, and Chrisler ).
Overweight female college students are less likely to be currently dating, more likely to date less frequently overall, and to perceive their dates as less satisfied when compared to overweight male college students (Stake and Lauer ) finding that men have more body type preferences than women, as well as the implications from the aforementioned studies, strongly suggest that men are more concerned than are women with the body type of a potential date.